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Caste: The Origins of Our Discontents Publishing date August 11, 2020 I read an advanced reader copy I requested this ARC and started reading it just as the current marches, protests, and riots started happening, and everyone started posting lists of books about racism and anti racism Caste would be at the top of my list, along with but very different from Dr DiAngelo s White Fragility Wilkerson explores systemic racism from its start in America as a caste system enabling privilege and racism That is way too simple a stateme Publishing date August 11, 2020 I read an advanced reader copy I requested this ARC and started reading it just as the current marches, protests, and riots started happening, and everyone started posting lists of books about racism and anti racism Caste would be at the top of my list, along with but very different from Dr DiAngelo s White Fragility Wilkerson explores systemic racism from its start in America as a caste system enabling privilege and racism That is way too simple a statement to describe this book So much of it literally took my breath away as I processed it Such as In debating how to institutionalize racism in the Third Reich, wrote the Yale legal historian James Q Whitman, they began by asking how the Americans did it Easy to read in terms of the writing but so hard to read In terms of content The Pulitzer Prize winning, bestselling author of The Warmth of Other Suns examines the unspoken caste system that has shaped America and shows how our lives today are still defined by a hierarchy of human divisions As we go about our daily lives, caste is the wordless usher in a darkened theater, flashlight cast down in the aisles, guiding us to our assigned seats for a performance The hierarchy of caste is not about feelings or morality It is about power which groups have it and which do not In this brilliant book, Isabel Wilkerson gives us a masterful portrait of an unseen phenomenon in America as she explores, through an immersive, deeply researched narrative and stories about real people, how America today and throughout its history has been shaped by a hidden caste system, a rigid hierarchy of human rankingsBeyond race, class, or other factors, there is a powerful caste system that influences people s lives and behavior and the nation s fate Linking the caste systems of America, India, and Nazi Germany, Wilkerson explores eight pillars that underlie caste systems across civilizations, including divine will, bloodlines, stigma, and Using riveting stories about people including Martin Luther King, Jr baseball s Satchel Paige, a single father and his toddler son, Wilkerson herself, and many others she shows the ways that the insidious undertow of caste is experienced every day She documents how the Nazis studied the racial systems in America to plan their out cast of the Jews she discusses why the cruel logic of caste requires that there be a bottom rung for those in the middle to measure themselves against she writes about the surprising health costs of caste, in depression and life expectancy, and the effects of this hierarchy on our culture and politics Finally, she points forward to ways America can move beyond the artificial and destructive separations of human divisions, toward hope in our common humanityBeautifully written, original, and revealing, Caste The Origins of Our Discontents is an eye opening story of people and history, and a reexamination of what lies under the surface of ordinary lives and of America life today [EPUB] ✼ The End (The 30-Day Collective Book 1) ✿ Ellen A. Easton – 9facts.co.uk bestselling author of The Warmth of Other Suns examines the unspoken caste system that has shaped America and shows how our lives today are still defined by a hierarchy of human divisions As we go about our daily lives ➽ [Download] ✤ The Light Over London By Julia Kelly ➲ – 9facts.co.uk caste is the wordless usher in a darkened theater [Ebook] ➣ Cell By Robin Cook – 9facts.co.uk flashlight cast down in the aisles ❰Download❯ ➺ Braving the Wilderness Author Brené Brown – 9facts.co.uk guiding us to our assigned seats for a performance The hierarchy of caste is not about feelings or morality It is about power which groups have it and which do not In this brilliant book [Ebook] ➣ Lightning / Midnight / The Bad Place By Dean Koontz – 9facts.co.uk Isabel Wilkerson gives us a masterful portrait of an unseen phenomenon in America as she explores ❴Read❵ ➳ A Cidade Das Trevas (Dean Koontzs Frankenstein, Author Dean Koontz – 9facts.co.uk through an immersive [BOOKS] ⚣ Iron Council (New Crobuzon, By China Miéville – 9facts.co.uk deeply researched narrative and stories about real people [KINDLE] ❅ Big Magic By Elizabeth Gilbert – 9facts.co.uk how America today and throughout its history has been shaped by a hidden caste system [BOOKS] ✭ Bloody Acquisitions (Fred, the Vampire Accountant, By Drew Hayes – 9facts.co.uk a rigid hierarchy of human rankingsBeyond race ❁ [EPUB] ✹ Dangerous By Amanda Quick ➚ – 9facts.co.uk class [Read] ➬ Succeed and Grow Rich through Persuasion Author Napoleon Hill – 9facts.co.uk or other factors ➺ [Reading] ➼ Agile Software Requirements By Dean Leffingwell ➯ – 9facts.co.uk there is a powerful caste system that influences people s lives and behavior and the nation s fate Linking the caste systems of America ➠ [Epub] ➚ The Last Kids on Earth By Max Brallier ➪ – 9facts.co.uk India ❴Epub❵ ➞ Fusiliers Author Mark Urban – 9facts.co.uk and Nazi Germany ✈ [PDF / Epub] ✅ The Martian By Andy Weir ✸ – 9facts.co.uk Wilkerson explores eight pillars that underlie caste systems across civilizations [Download] ➹ Tarot for Magical Times ➾ Rachel Pollack – 9facts.co.uk including divine will [EPUB] ✸ The Maze at Windermere By Gregory Blake Smith – 9facts.co.uk bloodlines ❮PDF / Epub❯ ☉ Dark Matter and the Dinosaurs ✩ Author Lisa Randall – 9facts.co.uk stigma ❰KINDLE❯ ✽ The American Nurse Author Carolyn Jones – 9facts.co.uk and Using riveting stories about people including Martin Luther King ❮Epub❯ ➚ The Life Project Author Helen Pearson – 9facts.co.uk Jr baseball s Satchel Paige [Read] ➲ The Everything Store: Jeff Bezos and the Age of Amazon By Brad Stone – 9facts.co.uk a single father and his toddler son ➶ [Reading] ➸ Dangerous Desire By Diane Escalera ➫ – 9facts.co.uk Wilkerson herself [PDF / Epub] ☃ Dangerous Heat By Diane Escalera – 9facts.co.uk and many others she shows the ways that the insidious undertow of caste is experienced every day She documents how the Nazis studied the racial systems in America to plan their out cast of the Jews she discusses why the cruel logic of caste requires that there be a bottom rung for those in the middle to measure themselves against she writes about the surprising health costs of caste ❴PDF / Epub❵ ☉ Linemates Author D.K. Dunn – 9facts.co.uk in depression and life expectancy ❰BOOKS❯ ✸ Millennial Hospitality Author Charles James Hall – 9facts.co.uk and the effects of this hierarchy on our culture and politics Finally ❤ The Little Book of Puns pdf ⚣ Author Alison Westwood – 9facts.co.uk she points forward to ways America can move beyond the artificial and destructive separations of human divisions [Download] ➹ Silencing the Birds of Darkness By D.K. Olukoya – 9facts.co.uk toward hope in our common humanityBeautifully written [KINDLE] ❀ Birds, Beasts, and Bandits By Krupakar – 9facts.co.uk original ❰PDF / Epub❯ ☀ The Tainted Sword (The Penhaligon Trilogy, Author D.J. Heinrich – 9facts.co.uk and revealing ❰Download❯ ➻ Famouz Author Anton Corbijn – 9facts.co.uk Caste The Origins of Our Discontents is an eye opening story of people and history [PDF] ✍ The Complete Idiots Guide to Rumi Meditations By Yahiya Emerick – 9facts.co.uk and a reexamination of what lies under the surface of ordinary lives and of America life today Note I received an advanced reader copy of this book courtesy of NetGalley Isabel Wilkerson presents a paradigm of America being bound by a bipolar caste system, set up between a dominant white caste and a subordinate black caste, set deep into the nation s foundations when it was only a few colonies hugging the Atlantic coast, and continues to tyrannize day to day existence for millions After finishing this book, I found myself struggling to try to express my sentiments My original intent t Note I received an advanced reader copy of this book courtesy of NetGalley Isabel Wilkerson presents a paradigm of America being bound by a bipolar caste system, set up between a dominant white caste and a subordinate black caste, set deep into the nation s foundations when it was only a few colonies hugging the Atlantic coast, and continues to tyrannize day to day existence for millions After finishing this book, I found myself struggling to try to express my sentiments My original intent to describe Caste along the lines as a powerfully persuasive work, or to say that Wilkerson is incredibly successful in revealing the depth and nature of America s ills, felt like that I was still only understating things, at best And at worst, it felt like I was doing an injustice to what she accomplishes here Because Caste not only does all the aforementioned but goes beyond that Caste is a work that makes me wish I hadn t cheapened the term eye opening, in the past by commonly using it for merely interesting books nonfiction works that I had enjoyed, because if there was ever a time to say that and mean it, it s right now Caste makes me wish that I had an entire pallet of copies right now that I could leave out at a nearby park to freely share with others Caste is the first time in a long, long while that I feel like that I can describe a book as awakening And Caste cannot be widely available soon enough because as our current times make painfully clear, if we do not recognize and free ourselves from the snares of caste, then we will only continue to remain hopelessly divided and hobbled I grabbed this ARC from NetGalley and I am so happy I did I have struggled in this moment of how to proceed of how to process and come to grips with quite how we got to this moment Intellectually, I understood but emotionally, as a human, I couldn t fathom it This book explains it Wilkerson does not pull any punches 80% of this book is bleak a no nonsense look at three of the most influential caste systems to ever exist India, Nazi Germany, and America She is meticulous in her research I grabbed this ARC from NetGalley and I am so happy I did I have struggled in this moment of how to proceed of how to process and come to grips with quite how we got to this moment Intellectually, I understood but emotionally, as a human, I couldn t fathom it This book explains it Wilkerson does not pull any punches 80% of this book is bleak a no nonsense look at three of the most influential caste systems to ever exist India, Nazi Germany, and America She is meticulous in her research but peppers the facts with the human stories, the real proof of how a caste system destroys a people based on nothingthan the lottery of being born to the wrong caste But not only that, Wilkerson digs into how the very caste system the dominant caste will fight to uphold is destroying the potential for humanity to be so muchIt was a book that made me angry and frustrated to the point I couldn t read it before bed as I d been too angry to go to sleep but she does end on hope, on the idea that a world without a caste system is possible and what that might mean for the United States moving forward This is a hard, brilliant read that holds a mirror up to where we are, where we could be going, and what possibilities there could be if we would just pivot from the usual storyline Thanks to NetGalley for the ARC of this book WOW What a timely read If you have any interest in learningabout the history of racism in the United States, this is the perfect book to read By reframing racism using the tenets of caste, Wilkerson makes an unassailable argument that racism is the pervading structure that underlies everything else in America.The comparisons to India were enlightening, and not as far of a stretch as I thought they might be before I read the book The compari Thanks to NetGalley for the ARC of this book WOW What a timely read If you have any interest in learningabout the history of racism in the United States, this is the perfect book to read By reframing racism using the tenets of caste, Wilkerson makes an unassailable argument that racism is the pervading structure that underlies everything else in America.The comparisons to India were enlightening, and not as far of a stretch as I thought they might be before I read the book The comparisons to Nazi Germany were gut wrenching, sobering, and important to read for an understanding of the potential outcomes of our current political climate.Wilkerson s writing is powerful, and her use of anecdotes and stories helps to bring the factual arguments to life This book was so well done, I cannot say enough good things about it I learned a TON, but never felt burdened to continue Wonderful book I adored Wilkerson s previous book The Warmth of Other Suns, so I was super excited to get an advanced reader s copy of this book I was not disappointed This book is amazing Wilkerson looks at the history of race in America as a caste system and compares it to the caste system in India and Nazi Germany She looks at racism as not a personal moral failing, but a deeply rooted system of power that has been so ingrained that it s difficult to even see it even for those being oppressed under it I adored Wilkerson s previous book The Warmth of Other Suns, so I was super excited to get an advanced reader s copy of this book I was not disappointed This book is amazing Wilkerson looks at the history of race in America as a caste system and compares it to the caste system in India and Nazi Germany She looks at racism as not a personal moral failing, but a deeply rooted system of power that has been so ingrained that it s difficult to even see it even for those being oppressed under it It takes the idea of systemic racism to a whole new level It made me think about things in a slightly new way as well as taught me evenabout the history of race in America I had no idea before reading this that Nazi Germany actually looked to the way that America treated Black people to model what they did to the Jews I cannot recommend this book highly enough It s not due out until September, but go pre order your copy now brilliant, well timed, expose LibraryReads Americans don t think in these terms, but Isabel Wilkerson points out in no uncertain terms that the country is running a caste system, remarkably and sadly just like India s In India, there are four varnas and numerous, maybe thousands of subdivisions between them Each one is a caste with strict rules of life, conduct, liberty and employment In the US, there is the dominant caste and the subordinate caste In between, there are various subcastes for various colors and tribes, but at the very Americans don t think in these terms, but Isabel Wilkerson points out in no uncertain terms that the country is running a caste system, remarkably and sadly just like India s In India, there are four varnas and numerous, maybe thousands of subdivisions between them Each one is a caste with strict rules of life, conduct, liberty and employment In the US, there is the dominant caste and the subordinate caste In between, there are various subcastes for various colors and tribes, but at the very bottom there are blacks It s so obvious, obstructive and intrusive that even blacks from other countries go out of their way to distinguish themselves from African Americans.The main difference is that in India, you can only tell the castes apart by people s postures and attitudes, because everyone is from the same genetic family In America, it s entirely by skin color, making it very easy to tell the castes apart This has made America s caste system stubbornly resistant to laws, directives or social movements In her gripping and staggeringly affecting book Caste, Wilkerson looks at the system from every angle, finding it a terrific waste of time, human potential, and life Its attributes are entirely negative, just as in India It s all for nothing and all about nothing But it costs plenty Those human costs are the real meat of the book.Americans have been well aware of running a caste system, for centuries now In 1832 a Virginia slaveholder said poor whites have little but their complexion to console them for being in a higher caste Civil War era Senator Charles Sumner said caste was a violation of equality The word keeps popping up, but it seems no one has seen fit to work with it.Wilkerson finds that white skin is salvation for a lot of poor whites, who know with certainty that they are not the bottom of the heap as long as there are blacks around So it s important to both keep them down and keep them poor The situation is so devoid of truth or reality that 55% of Americans think all poor people are black And that s reason enough to keep the castes separate, and to be against aiding the poor.One of the very many impressive things in Caste is the day to day horror of living while black There is having to be careful over every step you take and every word you utter, lest a dominant caste member take offense just like in India America had a an example just last week as I write this in May 2020 as a woman in Central Park called the police when a black birdwatcher asked her to leash her dog as signs indicated was required She claimed her very life was being threatened by an African American This can lead to beatings or death False charges never stopped a lynching Treatment by store clerks, by doctors and by the police is different for blacks And not better Daily indignities and humiliations are horrors in themselves, and it s not just a stop and frisk policy that sees the same men harassed several times a day, every day they dare to venture outside It is also disproportionate jailings, sentencing and monitoring Blacks are followed around stores, suspected of being potential shoplifters because they are black They receive an outsized portion of traffic tickets and fines And police kill them with little if any thought For decades, they were denied government backed mortgages, got worse rates on loans, and went to worse state funded schools This is a caste system at work.As in India, where even the shadow caused by the presence of a Dalit Untouchable is thought to pollute the higher castes, so in America, the thought of shaking hands or allowing a black child in a municipal swimming pool was a horror beyond imagining When laws were enforced to allow blacks in public pools, American towns filled them with concrete rather than allow it.There were separate everythings for the castes, from water fountains to hotels, restaurants, toilets, churches and train cars A black with a first class ticket could not sit among whites, dine at the buffet, or mingle Wilkerson cites a black building owner who had to enter his own building by a rear door in order to collect the rent I use the past tense, but it clearly continues throughout the country in different mutations today For example, the former Confederate states still maintain the death penalty, and use it mostly on blacks Black voters are harassed for state issued ID when voting, and the slightest mismatch, such as a missing apostrophe, is sufficient to deny them their vote That s when the state doesn t totally shut down their polling stations, which are fewer than for whites and placed inconveniently far away to keep the poor from getting there at all.Americans used to travel by the thousands to witness a lynching, buy picture postcards of the event, and even grab a body part as a souvenir afterwards Slaves, chattel that they were, could not even rely on family A wife or child could be sold off for a nice profit But even after the Civil War, a child could die in front of its father at the hands of whites with no recourse Punishment for a crime was and still can be several timessevere for a black person Wilkerson cites the stat that in Virginia, 71 offenses rated the death penalty for slaves, but only one of just simple imprisonment for whites And of course the crime paranoia is totally unjustified Wilkerson found that 10% of crimes involve a white victim and a black suspect It s usually the other way around To reinforce the points that make caste different from mere racism, Wilkerson went to Germany She found that the Nazis created their race purity policies directly and consciously from America, the model for the world They implemented the same sort of separations, forbidding Jews from holding certain jobs, forbidding whites from marrying or even associating with them, and in order to get a job, forcing all to prove not a drop of Jewish blood in their line, going back at least three generations Some of the existing policies they found in America were so bizarre and offensive even the Nazis couldn t justify implementing them America s caste system was proudly the worst of the worst Nazi officials, right up to Hitler, read and prized books by American bigots It was the umbrella the Nazis could flourish under.They enslaved Jews, broke up their families, took all their possessions, erased their names and starved them while working them to death as free labor for major German firms They eliminated their humanity and turned them into a necessary evil The common hatred of Jews was the glue that kept the whole country together and on the same page It has been said that if there were no Jews, Hitler would have had to invent them Without Jews as scapegoats, Hitler would have floundered So in the USA blacks are tolerated with both hostility and fear They provide the bottom rung and convenient scapegoats.Caste is a wonderfully constructed book Wilkerson has filled it with stories and examples she sets up before going into her analysis of the aspect the chapter covers The stories often open readers eyes to what would be ordinary situations for anyone else But they slide into cruelty very quickly She has plenty of her own tales, as well as famous and lesser known outrages and insults going back 200 years It has the effect of putting the reader right in the shoes of an African American, showing how debilitatingly stressful and limiting the caste system is for them This makes the book no treat to read, but also impossible to put down, as readers will find themselves horrified at the impossibly difficult life the dominant caste imposes on the subordinate caste It is necessary, but insufficient merely to feel revulsion Wilkerson calls on everyone go far beyond not being racist, teaching children not to discriminate, and to protest abuses of power She wants everyone to be pro subordinate castes in an effort to dissolve them entirely Her point is the whole country suffers from the caste system If there were real equality, healthcare would be equal, as would job opportunities and incarceration The country would benefit and be much farther ahead with the skills and talents of African Americans And not just in sports and entertainment, where they are now allowed Poverty would be substantially lessened for all Instead, the country is a rough patchwork of different standards, different treatment, different restrictions, and suppressed lives She says It is not about luxury cars and watches, country clubs and private banks, but knowing without thinking that you are one up from another based on rules not set down in paper but reinforced in most every commercial, television show or billboard, from boardrooms to newsrooms to gated subdivisions to who gets killed first in the first half hour of a movie This is the blindsiding banality of caste Wilkerson found that in 1944 there was an essay contest for kids in Columbus Ohio The topic was what to do with Hitler after the war A 16 year old black girl won with just one sentence Put him in black skin and make him live the rest of his life in America David Wineberg If ever there were a book for this time, Caste would be it With demonstrations against police brutality and the pulling down of Confederate monuments as a backdrop, I raced through this book Linking the treatment of African Americans to that of Dalits Untouchables in India, and explaining how American Jim Crow served as an inspiration for the Nazi treatment of Jews, her research is impeccable Such a skilled writer brings the horror of lynchings to life in a way that will sear them into the If ever there were a book for this time, Caste would be it With demonstrations against police brutality and the pulling down of Confederate monuments as a backdrop, I raced through this book Linking the treatment of African Americans to that of Dalits Untouchables in India, and explaining how American Jim Crow served as an inspiration for the Nazi treatment of Jews, her research is impeccable Such a skilled writer brings the horror of lynchings to life in a way that will sear them into the reader s mind Throughout, Wilkerson shares her own experiences with being a member of the subordinate caste When a friend who is a member of the dominant caste had lunch with her and experienced the frustration of being treated as all but invisible, the friend exploded in rage Wilkerson sadly noted that she was so used to such treatment, it didn t seem abnormal in any way Page by page, she builds a relentless case My soul twisted with sorrow and regret As she notes, think of all the talent wasted, the innovation lost to humanity by sidelining so many of us based on skin color or physical features One small story sticks with me there was an essay contest in Columbus, Ohio in 1944 about what should be done with Hitler after the war the winning essay suggested that he should be put into a black skin and made to live in America She does end with a note of hope in recounting her experience with a plumber who came to her house wearing a MAGA hat and responded sullenly to her request for help in finding a source of leaking water in her basement Only did his demeanor change when they began talking about their parents and family They connected when he saw her as human This is a powerful book.Thank you to the publisher and NetGalley for the opportunity to read an ARC