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Because We Say So Esme It's Summer Because We Say So Offical Esme It's Summer Because We Say So Offical Video ‎Because We Say So on Apple Books ‎ Because We Say So is Noam Chomsky's essential counter punch to American hegemony In the eminent statesman Dean Acheson enunciated a principle that has dominated global politics ever since that no legal issue arises when the United States responds to a challenge to it Because We Say So Noam Chomsky Because We Say So is the third in a series of books by Chomsky published by City Lights Publishers that includesMaking the Future andInterventions a book banned by US military censors Taken together the three books present a complete collection of the articles Chomsky writes regularly for the New York Times Syndicate and are largely ignored by newspapers in the United States Because we say so eBook WorldCatorg Because We Say So is the third in a series of books by Chomsky published by City Lights Publishers that includes Making the Future and Interventions a book banned by US military censors Taken together the three books present a complete collection of the articles Chomsky writes regularly for the New York Times Syndicate and are largely ignored by newspapers in the United BECAUSE WE SAY SO by Noam Chomsky | Kirkus As a world power what we do and say is always legitimate “because we say so” One of the frightening essays deals with public education showing how it discourages independent thought and trains our children to obedience while enslaving them to the enormous debt incurred to achieve that education At the same time the public relations firms running our elections create uninformed BECAUSE WE SAY SO Hardcover Because We Say So by Chomsky Noam Book The Fast Free Shipping Free shipping Because We Say So by Noam Chomsky Free shipping Dad Jokes The very best of DadSaysJokes by Dad Says Jokes English Hardcover Free shipping Say Please Little Bear by Peter Bently c VGC Hardcover We Combine Shipping shipping As My Mother Would Say Home Because We Say So Kom gewoon eens langs dan maken we kennis en kun je direct onze koffie uit proberen Je kunt natuurlijk ook contact zoeken via de telefoon mail social media of het contactformulier Contact Vul het contactformulier in en laat ons contact opnemen Hoofdvestiging Herfordstraat EX Deventer E salesbwssnl T Vestiging Albanie Rr Pjeter Budi Pallati Rogerd Zyra Tirana Language Log We feel sad because we say We feel sad because we say This is old but too good to pass up Seed Magazine put it like this Germans can be grumpy unpleasant people—and it's not because of post Nazi guilt or a diet filled with bratwurst says one American researcher It's because of their vowels Hope College psychology professor David Myers says saying a vowel with an umlaut forces a speaker to turn down his OPINION Just say “Because we can” | The Mighty OPINION Just say “Because we can” Fargo ND USA The Mighty KFGO | KFGO Amy Iler Sep PM Here’s my disclaimer The votes I took as a North Dakota State Senator were nowhere near the caliber of those who are casting votes in Congress However every Senator no matter the level of Government has votes that define them And the vote Senator Hoeven is about to make “You don't write because you want to say F Scott Fitzgerald — ‘You don't write because you want to say something you write because you have something to say’ ‎Because We Say So on Apple Books ‎ Because We Say So is Noam Chomsky's essential counter punch to American hegemony In the eminent statesman Dean Acheson enunciated a principle that has dominated global politics ever since that no legal issue arises when the United States responds to a challenge to it Because We Say So Noam Chomsky Because We Say So is the third in a series of books by Chomsky published by City Lights Publishers that includesMaking the Future andInterventions a book banned by US military censors Taken together the three books present a complete collection of the articles Chomsky writes regularly for the New York Times Syndicate and are largely ignored by newspapers in the United States Because We Say So by Noam Chomsky Books on Because We Say So Ebook written by Noam Chomsky Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC android iOS devices Download for offline reading highlight bookmark or take notes while you read Because We Say So Because We Say So Chomsky Institute Professor Because We Say So Chomsky Institute Professor Professor of Linguistics Emeritus Noam Cronin James Patrick comau Books Because we say so eBook WorldCatorg Because We Say So is the third in a series of books by Chomsky published by City Lights Publishers that includes Making the Future and Interventions a book banned by US military censors Taken together the three books present a complete collection of the articles Chomsky writes regularly for the New York Times Syndicate and are largely ignored by newspapers in the United Bureau ISBN Because We Say So Because We Say So Auteurs Chomsky Noam NUR codes Politieke geschiedenis en geschiedenis van de internationale betrekkingen Imprints Penguin UK Uitgevers Groothandel PEN Taal Engels Vers datum NSTC In the eminent statesman Dean Acheson enunciated a principle that has dominated global politics ever since that no legal issue arises when Home Because We Say So Kom gewoon eens langs dan maken we kennis en kun je direct onze koffie uit proberen Je kunt natuurlijk ook contact zoeken via de telefoon mail social media of het contactformulier Contact Vul het contactformulier in en laat ons contact opnemen Hoofdvestiging Herfordstraat EX Deventer E salesbwssnl T Vestiging Albanie Rr Pjeter Budi Pallati Rogerd Zyra Tirana Bri's MTC Internship Blog Because We Say It Is Because We Say It Is From just about day one of the internship we have been hit with several uestions uestions that make you think reconsider and uestion certain things that you may not on an average day One of these uestions is Why is fairness important? However when this uestion comes up many uestions surface as well What is fairness? Who defines it? Fairness in what Believe it because we say it? – MJF APOLOGETICS Believe it because we say it? Posted on November June by michaeljfelker w p pars Attain Completeness in the New World Society The whole body under the direction of the head moves and acts as a beautifully co ordinated unit perfectly organized In the same way Christ the Head employs the organization that is his body to carry out his assigned work Indian Express Because we are not ready to say goodbye Because we are not ready to say goodbye to SSR

  • Kindle Edition
  • 200 pages
  • Because We Say So
  • Noam Chomsky
  • English
  • 12 May 2014

About the Author: Noam Chomsky

Avram Noam Chomsky is an American linguist philosopher political activist author and lecturer He is an Institute Professor and professor emeritus of linguistics at the Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyChomsky is credited with the creation of the theory of generative grammar considered to be one of the most significant contributions to the field of linguistics made in the 20th century H



10 thoughts on “Because We Say So

  1. Larry Bassett Larry Bassett says:

    Noam Chomsky is a brilliant thinker and has uite a following internationally But in the US it is difficult to find his copious writing in our daily press This book includes essays that were published in 2013 and 2014 They remind us how much the news has changed just in the short time since Mr Trump has been elected The issues of just a few years ago seem to pale by comparison in to the potential for chaos that we seem to face today As you read some of the early essays that are included you will see evidence of the Trump politics lurking not so far in the background Chomsky seems to have foreseen the drama and politics of the past yearWhy do I give this book only three stars? Even though it was published in 2015 it has been forcibly outdated by the rise of Trump And since you won't find Chomsky in any of the local or national press you have to find links on Twitter to locate his outpouring of current words and analysis I listened to this book on audible and was not impressed by the reader While Chomsky raises alarm after alarm about what is happening in the world the reader is way too calm and sedate I want to hear some reflection of the terrifying things that are going on in the world Regrettably I think Chomsky himself mimics that calm and self assured style Chomsky talks about near cataclysmic incidents with our nuclear arsenal's almost accidentally being unleashed He talks about the most feared countries in the Middle East being Israel and the US Iran is portrayed by the US so negatively and yet in the Middle East it is the US not Iran that is fearedChomsky ends the book talking about climate change And here comes the end of the world again And you know I almost always agree with Chomsky He speaks for the Palestinians He criticized Obama Why don't people listen to Chomsky?

  2. Maxine Maxine says:

    Whatever the world may think US actions are legitimate because we say so The principle was enunciated by the eminent statesman Dean Acheson in 1962 when he instructed the American Society of International Law that no legal issue arises when the United States responds to a challenge to its “power position and prestige”Because We Say So contains thirty short articles by Noam Chomsky written between 2011 and 2014 Chomsky is a world renowned academician who is often considered ‘the father of linguistics’ and is Professor Emeritus at Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he has taught since 1955 But he is probably best known for his political activism and radical commentary – as Henry A Giroux points out in the Foreword something of an American tradition but which have made him ‘appear to be an exile in his own country by virtue of his constant dissent the shock of his acts of translation and his displays of fierce courage’ So much so in fact that Interventions a collection of his commentaries released in 2007 was banned for distribution in Guantanamo Bay by the US military Yet despite the fact that he gets little notice by the mainstream media in the US and is freuently shunned by both conservatives and liberals he is probably the most well known and respected American intellectual throughout most of the rest of the world Given that he is an outspoken critic of America’s role in the world and its refusal to sign accords concerning such issues as poverty making the Middle East a WMD free zone and climate change all of which he discusses in these essays it is perhaps not surprising But unlike too many intellectuals and academicians Chomsky never uses ‘university speak’ and he never talks down to his audience – he speaks from his knowledge and his intellect yes but he also and always speaks from his heartAnd these short essays go a long way in explaining why he holds such a place of renown throughout most of the world His commentaries always provide a well informed well thought out and principled counterpoint to the messages offered by the mainstream media whether it is the accepted justification for drone strikes giving aboriginal or ‘unpeople’ a voice the falsehoods of accepted history the urgency of climate change or what constitutes the Common Good Whether you agree or disagree with his arguments they are always well researched well thought out cogent on point and timely and they give you a perspective you will never get in those mainstream news outlets including the so called liberal ones

  3. Conor Ahern Conor Ahern says:

    One of the muted tragedies following this past week's election is that I am finding fiction to be and of a decadent pastime It's not that one cannot learn amazing things from fiction on the contrary but the type of knowledge that a lawyer should have in Trump's America takes an entirely different cast There is so much that I feel strongly whose underpinnings are far flimsier than I am comfortable with; it's not that I doubt the conclusions of my scruples it's just that I want to be conversant and fleshed out when representing them And invariably these expeditions into truth finding turn up all sorts of other unanticipated curios that make for profitable future investigationAnyway as indictments of America go it doesn't get much blistering than Chomsky But this was mostly a recapitulation of a lot of his other thoughts our deviance from the Magna Carta Israel's perpetuation of apartheid American environmental recklessness etc He had fewer outrageous comparisons than in the last work of his that I read though the comparison of Putin's invasion of the Crimea with the United States' occupation of Guantanamo Bay left me gobsmacked and it was all well argued just nothing particularly new or noteworthy For my money Who Rules the World? is a better bet

  4. Jason Jason says:

    I wish I'd come across Chomsky earlier though he is relatively censored in the USA He speaks the truth clearly and without bombast His work has probably changed my political views than anything I've read as an adultThis is a collection of essaystalks all in short form I'm looking forward to reading some of his longer booksThe intro to this book was garbage Skip it

  5. Sofia Sofia says:

    Marching Off the Cliff 5th Dec 2011 To gain perspective on what's happening in the world it's sometimes useful to adopt the stance of intelligent extraterrestrial observers viewing the strange doings on Earth They would be watching in wonder as the richest and most powerful country in world history now leads the lemmings cheerfully off the cliffCouldn't help thinking of the Dodos in Ice Age when I read thisRecognizing the Unpeople 5 Jan 2015 the inconvenient people who fall through the cracksAnniversaries from Unhistory 4 Feb 2012 The core of history is what happened The core of unhistory is to disappear what happenedGAZA THE WORLD’S LARGEST OPEN AIR PRISONNovember 7 2012 Sowing the seed we will reap in the future and then we will say in astonishment Oh look what has grown Recently after several years of effort the Israeli human rights organization Gisha succeeded in obtaining a court order for the government to release its records detailing plans for the “diet” Jonathan Cook a journalist based in Israel summarizes them “Health officials provided calculations of the minimum number of calories needed by Gaza’s 15 million inhabitants to avoid malnutrition Those figures were then translated into truckloads of food Israel was supposed to allow in each day an average of only 67 trucks—much less than half of the minimum reuirement—entered Gaza daily This compared to than 400 trucks before the blockade began”

  6. Niklas Pivic Niklas Pivic says:

    Many of my favourite books cover many areas especially where non fiction is concerned I wish this collection of essays and articles all written by Noam Chomsky except for the one where David Barsamian interviews Chomsky were fiction but it's notThis collection covers many areas ranging from a short description of anarchy to Obama's drone wielding terrorist campaign over climate change into the than apartheid campaign of Israel against Palestine It's a lot but it's so well written and so thoroughly researched that it's impossible to withstand even if one tried toFrom the introductionThe commentaries presented in this book are a collection of columns penned between 2011 and 2014 distributed to the international press by the New York Times Syndicate and widely published in newspapers abroad Few if any are published on the op ed pages of American papers and US military censors even banned distribution of an earlier collection of his commentaries INTERVENTIONSThat's right That book wasn't allowed into the reading list at Guantánamo BayChomsky's writing is as always simple and plain even providing insight that extraterrestrials would find easy to get not that we're hard to crack as a species despite our wont to deplete ourselvesTo gain perspective on what’s happening in the world it’s sometimes useful to adopt the stance of intelligent extraterrestrial observers viewing the strange doings on Earth They would be watching in wonder as the richest and most powerful country in world history now leads the lemmings cheerfully off the cliffLast month the International Energy Agency IEA which was formed on the initiative of US Secretary of State Henry Kissinger in 1974 issued its latest report on rapidly increasing carbon emissions from fossil fuel use The IEA estimated that if the world continues on its present course the “carbon budget” will be exhausted by 2017 The budget is the uantity of emissions that can keep global warming at the 2 degrees Celsius level considered the limit of safety IEA chief economist Fatih Birol said “The door is closing if we don’t change direction now on how we use energy we will end up beyond what scientists tell us is the minimum for safety The door will be closed forever”Also last month the US Department of Energy reported the emissions figures for 2010 Emissions “jumped by the biggest amount on record” the Associated Press reported meaning that “levels of greenhouse gases are higher than the worst case scenario” anticipated by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change IPCC in 2007 John Reilly co director of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s MIT program on climate change told the Associated Press that scientists have generally found the IPCC predictions to be too conservative—unlike the fringe of denialists who gain public attention Reilly reported that the IPCC’s worst case scenario was about in the middle of the MIT scientists’ estimates of likely outcomesThe hypothetical extraterrestrial observers can be pardoned if they conclude that we seem to be infected by some kind of lethal insanityChomsky's Anniversaries from 'Unhistory' is great so much that it deserves a chapter of its own in this review Instead I will link to some highlights of mine from that chapter Chomsky delves into the concept of terrorism what it actually means not only the word but how terrorism is defined by the UN and how the USA continually deceive its population and the rest of the world on that noteIn three years we may—or may not—commemorate another event of great contemporary relevance the 900th anniversary of the Magna Carta This document is the foundation for what historian Margaret E McGuiness referring to the Nuremberg Trials hailed as a “particularly American brand of legalism punishment only for those who could be proved to be guilty through a fair trial with a panoply of procedural protections”The Great Charter declares that “no free man” shall be deprived of rights “except by the lawful judgment of his peers and by the law of the land” The principles were later broadened to apply to men generally They crossed the Atlantic and entered into the US Constitution and Bill of Rights which declared that no “person” can be deprived of rights without due process and a speedy trial The founders of course did not intend the term “person” to actually apply to all persons Native Americans were not persons Neither were those who were enslaved Women were scarcely persons However let us keep to the core notion of presumption of innocence which has been cast into the oblivion of unhistoryA further step in undermining the principles of the Magna Carta was taken when President Obama signed the National Defense Authorization Act which codifies Bush Obama practice of indefinite detention without trial under military custody Such treatment is now mandatory in the case of those accused of aiding enemy forces during the “war on terror” or optional if those accused are American citizensMany other examples illuminate the concept of “terrorist” One is Nelson Mandela only removed from the terrorist list in 2008 Another was Saddam Hussein In 1982 Ira was removed from the list of terrorist supporting states so that the Reagan administration could provide Hussein with aid after he invaded Iran Accusation is capricious without review or recourse and commonly reflecting policy goals—in Mandela’s case to justify President Reagan’s support for the apartheid state’s crimes in defending itself against one of the world’s “ notorious terrorist groups” Mandela’s African National Congress All better consigned to unhistoryChomsky's tips are always interestingIn his penetrating study IDEAL ILLUSIONS HOW THE US GOVERNMENT CO OPTED HUMAN RIGHTS international affairs scholar James Peck observes “In the history of human rights the worst atrocities are always committed by somebody else never us”—whoever “us” isAlso his views on companies and corporations that go hand in hand with government seldom disappoint to shockJoining the Vietnamese appeal against Dow are the government of India the Indian Olympic Association and the survivors of the horrendous 1984 Bhopal gas leak one of history’s worst industrial disasters which killed thousands and injured than half a million Union Carbide the corporation responsible for the disaster was taken over by Dow for whom the matter is of no slight concern In February Wikileaks revealed that Dow hired the US private investigative agency Stratfor to monitor activists seeking compensation for the victims and prosecution of those responsibleHis words on Israel on the perennial US support for Israel are always clarifyingThe possibility that Iran might develop nuclear weapons arises in the electoral campaign The fact that Israel already has them does not Two positions are counterposed Should the US declare that it will attack if Iran reaches the capability to develop nuclear weapons which dozens of countries enjoy? Or should Washington keep the “red line” indefinite? The latter position is that of the White House; the former is demanded by Israeli hawks—and accepted by the US Congress The Senate just voted 90–1 to support the Israeli positionHis words on how the USA perceive Iran as a major threat or indeed the biggest threat are also crystal clearAs numerous polls have shown although citizens of Arab countries generally dislike Iran they do not regard it as a very serious threat Rather they perceive the threat to be Israel and the United States; and many sometimes considerable majorities regard Iranian nuclear weapons as a counter to these threatsPREROGATIVES OF POWER February 4 2014As the year 2013 drew to an end the BBC reported on the results of the WINGallup International poll on the uestion “Which country do you think is the greatest threat to peace in the world today?” The United States was the champion by a substantial margin winning three times the votes of second place Pakistan By contrast the debate in American scholarly and media circles is about whether Iran can be contained and whether the huge NSA surveillance system is needed to protect US security In view of the poll it would seem that there are pertinent uestions Can the United States be contained and other nations secured in the face of the US threat?And on capitalismCAN CIVILIZATION SURVIVE CAPITALISM? March 4 2013There is “capitalism” and then there is “really existing capitalism” The term “capitalism” is commonly used to refer to the US economic system with substantial state intervention ranging from subsidies for creative innovation to the “too big to fail” government insurance policy for banks The system is highly monopolized further limiting reliance on the market and increasingly so In the past 20 years the share of profits of the 200 largest enterprises has risen sharply reports scholar Robert W McChesney in his new book DIGITAL DISCONNECTHis human insights and retellings of stories from Gaza are very touchingWhile a showcase for the human capacity for violence Gaza is also an inspiring exemplar of the demand for dignity Ghada Ageel a young woman who escaped from Gaza to Canada writes about her 87 year old refugee grandmother still trapped in the Gaza prison Before her grandmother’s expulsion from a now destroyed village “she owned a house farms and land and she enjoyed honor dignity and hope” Amazingly like Palestinians generally the elderly woman hasn’t given up hope “When I saw my grandmother in November 2012 she was unusually happy” Ageel writes “Surprised by her high spirits I asked for an explanation She looked me in the eye and to my surprise said that she was no longer worried about” her native village and the life of dignity that she has lost for her irrevocably The village her grandmother told Ageel “is in your heart and I also know that you are not alone in your journey Don’t be discouraged We are getting there”A few words on Edward Snowden and people like Chelsea formerly Bradley ManningWashington has made clear that any country that refuses to extradite Snowden will face harsh punishment The United States will “chase him to the ends of the earth” Senator Lindsey Graham warnedUS government spokespersons assured the world that Snowden will be granted the full protection of American law—referring to those same laws that have kept US Army soldier Bradley Manning who released a vast archive of US military and diplomatic documents to WikiLeaks in prison for three years much of it in solitary confinement under humiliating conditions Long gone is the archaic notion of a speedy trial before a jury of peers On July 30 a military judge found Manning guilty of charges that could lead to a maximum sentence of 136 years Like Snowden Manning committed the crime of revealing to Americans—and others—what their government is doing That is a severe breach of “security” in the operative meaning of the term familiar to anyone who has pored over declassified documents Typically “security” means security of government officials from the prying eyes of the public to whom they are answerable—in theoryIn an interview on German TV Edward J Snowden said that his “breaking point” was “seeing Director of National Intelligence James Clapper directly lie under oath to Congress” by denying the existence of a domestic spying program conducted by the National Security Agency Snowden elaborated that “the public had a right to know about these programs The public had a right to know that which the government is doing in its name and that which the government is doing against the public” The same could be justly said by Daniel Ellsberg Chelsea Manning and other courageous figures who acted on the same democratic principle The government stance is uite different The public doesn’t have the right to know because security thus is undermined—severely so as officials assertThere are several good reasons to be skeptical about such a response The first is that it’s almost completely predictable When a government’s act is exposed the government reflexively pleads security The predictable response therefore carries little information A second reason for skepticism is the nature of the evidence presented International relations scholar John Mearsheimer writes “The Obama administration not surprisingly initially claimed that the NSA’s spying played a key role in thwarting 54 terrorist plots against the United States implying it violated the Fourth Amendment for good reason “This was a lie however General Keith Alexander the NSA director eventually admitted to Congress that he could claim only one success and that involved catching a Somali immigrant and three cohorts living in San Diego who had sent 8500 to a terrorist group in Somalia”His words on anarchyAnarchism is famously opposed to the state while advocating “planned administration of things in the interest of the community” in Rocker’s words; and beyond that wide ranging federations of self governing communities and workplacesThis broad tendency in human development seeks to identify structures of hierarchy authority and domination that constrain human development and then subject them to a very reasonable challenge Justify yourself If these structures can’t meet that challenge they should be dismantled—and anarchists believe “refashioned from below” as commentator Nathan Schneider observesOn the current drone campaignFor example President Obama’s drone driven global assassination program by far the world’s greatest terrorist campaign is also a terror generating campaign General Stanley A McChrystal commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan until he was relieved of duty spoke of “insurgent math” For every innocent person you kill you create 10 new enemies This concept of “innocent person” tells us how far we’ve progressed in the last 800 years since the Magna Carta which established the principle of presumption of innocence that was once thought to be the foundation of Anglo American lawI love how Chomsky displays the thoughts of major publications and how they follow the lead of their governmentRecently the NEW YORK TIMES reported the “anguish” of a federal judge who had to decide whether to allow the force feeding of a Syrian prisoner who is on a hunger strike to protest his imprisonment No “anguish” was expressed over the fact that he has been held without trial for 12 years in Guantánamo Bay military prison one of many victims of the leader of the Free World who claims the right to hold prisoners without charges and to subject them to tortureA bit on companiescorporations vs the environmentIt is unfair to omit exercises of “soft power” and the role of the private sector A good example is Chevron’s decision to abandon its widely touted renewable energy programs because fossil fuels are far profitable Exxon Mobil in turn announced “that its laserlike focus on fossil fuels is a sound strategy regardless of climate change” BLOOMBERG BUSINESSWEEK reports “because the world needs vastly energy and the likelihood of significant carbon reductions is ‘highly unlikely’” It is therefore a mistake to remind readers daily of the Nuremberg judgment Aggression is no longer the “supreme international crime” It cannot compare with destruction of the lives of future generations to ensure bigger bonuses tomorrowBrilliant Simple Plain Insightful A must read

  7. Mat Mat says:

    Nice recap of the past three years' politics 2011 14 as told through Noam Chomsky's bite sized monthly columnsHere are some uotes that jumped out at meIt’s unnecessary to dwell on the extreme dangers posed by one central element of the destruction of the commons the reliance on fossil fuels which courts global disaster Details may be debated but there is little serious doubt that the problems are all too real and that the longer we delay in addressing them the awful will be the legacy left to generations to come The recent Rio20 Conference is the latest effort Its aspirations were meager its outcome derisoryIn the lead in confronting the crisis throughout the world are indigenous communities The strongest stand has been taken by the one country they govern Bolivia the poorest country in South America and for centuries a victim of Western destruction of its rich resourcesAfter the ignominious collapse of the Copenhagen global climate change summit in 2009 Bolivia organized a People’s Summit with 35000 participants from 140 countries The summit called for very sharp reduction in emissions and a Universal Declaration on the Rights of Mother Earth That is a key demand of indigenous communities all over the worldThe demand is ridiculed by sophisticated Westerners but unless we can acuire some of the sensibility of the indigenous communities they are likely to have the last laugh—a laugh of grim despairOmitted from the contrived debate is a much larger group of skeptics highly regarded climate scientists who see the IPCC’s regular reports as much too conservative And these scientists have repeatedly been proven correct unfortunatelyThe propaganda campaign has apparently had some effect on US public opinion which is skeptical than the global norm But the effect is not significant enough to satisfy the masters That is presumably why sectors of the corporate world are launching their attack on the educational system in an effort to counter the public’s dangerous tendency to pay attention to the conclusions of scientific researchIn the future historians if there are any will look back on this curious spectacle taking shape in the early 21st century For the first time in human history humans are facing the significant prospect of severe calamity as a result of their actions—actions that are battering our prospects of decent survivalThose historians will observe that the richest and most powerful country in history which enjoys incomparable advantages is leading the effort to intensify the likely disaster Leading the effort to preserve conditions in which our immediate descendants might have a decent life are the so called “primitive” societies First Nations tribal indigenous aboriginalThe countries with large and influential indigenous populations are well in the lead in seeking to preserve the planet The countries that have driven indigenous populations to extinction or extreme marginalization are racing toward destructionThus Ecuador with its large indigenous population is seeking aid from the rich countries to allow it to keep its substantial oil reserves underground where they should beMeanwhile the US and Canada are seeking to burn fossil fuels including the extremely dangerous Canadian tar sands and to do so as uickly and fully as possible while they hail the wonders of a century of largely meaningless energy independence without a side glance at what the world might look like after this extravagant commitment to self destructionThis observation generalizes Throughout the world indigenous societies are struggling to protect what they sometimes call “the rights of nature” while the civilized and sophisticated scoff at this sillinessThis is all exactly the opposite of what rationality would predict—unless it is the skewed form of reason that passes through the filter of really existing capitalist democracyThe blurring of borders and these challenges to the legitimacy of states bring to the fore serious uestions about who owns the Earth Who owns the global atmosphere being polluted by the heat trapping gases that have just passed an especially perilous threshold as we learned in May?Or to adopt the phrase used by indigenous people throughout much of the world Who will defend the Earth? Who will uphold the rights of nature? Who will adopt the role of steward of the commons our collective possession?That the Earth now desperately needs defense from impending environmental catastrophe is surely obvious to any rational and literate person The different reactions to the crisis are a most remarkable feature of current historyAt the forefront of the defense of nature are those often called “primitive” members of indigenous and tribal groups like the First Nations in Canada or the Aborigines in Australia—the remnants of peoples who have survived the imperial onslaught At the forefront of the assault on nature are those who call themselves the most advanced and civilized the richest and most powerful nationsIn the Brazilian rural workers movement they speak of “widening the floors of the cage”—the cage of existing coercive institutions that can be widened by popular struggle—as has happened effectively over many yearsWe can extend the image to think of the cage of state institutions as a protection from the savage beasts roaming outside the predatory state supported capitalist institutions dedicated in principle to private gain power and domination with community and people’s interest at most a footnote revered in rhetoric but dismissed in practice as a matter of principle and even lawMuch of the most respected work in academic political science compares public attitudes and government policy In AFFLUENCE AND INFLUENCE ECONOMIC INEUALITY AND POLITICAL POWER IN AMERICA the Princeton scholar Martin Gilens reveals that the majority of the US population is effectively disenfranchisedAbout 70 percent of the population at the lower end of the wealthincome scale has no influence on policy Gilens concludes Moving up the scale influence slowly increases At the very top are those who pretty much determine policy by means that aren’t obscure The resulting system is not democracy but plutocracyNo one took the American philosopher John Dewey to be an anarchist But consider his ideas He recognized that “power today resides in control of the means of production exchange publicity transportation and communication Whoever owns them rules the life of the country” even if democratic forms remain Until those institutions are in the hands of the public politics will remain “the shadow cast on society by big business” much as is seen todayThese ideas lead very naturally to a vision of society based on workers’ control of productive institutions as envisioned by 19th century thinkers notably Karl Marx but also—less familiar—John Stuart MillMill wrote “The form of association however which if mankind continue to improve must be expected to predominate is the association of the labourers themselves on terms of euality collectively owning the capital with which they carry on their operations and working under managers electable and removable by themselves”Sometimes the reasons for the world’s concerns are obliuely recognized in the United States as when former CIA director Michael Hayden discussing Obama’s drone murder campaign conceded that “right now there isn’t a government on the planet that agrees with our legal rationale for these operations except for Afghanistan and maybe Israel”Often the attempt to maintain secrecy is motivated by the need to guarantee the security of powerful domestic sectors One persistent example is the mislabeled “free trade agreements”—mislabeled because they radically violate free trade principles and are substantially not about trade at all but rather about investor rightsThese instruments are regularly negotiated in secret like the current Trans Pacific Partnership—not entirely in secret of course They aren’t secret from the hundreds of corporate lobbyists and lawyers who are writing the detailed provisions with an impact revealed by the few parts that have reached the public through WikiLeaksAs the economist Joseph E Stiglitz reasonably concludes with the US Trade Representative’s office “representing corporate interests” not those of the public “The likelihood that what emerges from the coming talks will serve ordinary Americans’ interests is low; the outlook for ordinary citizens in other countries is even bleaker”Corporate sector security is a regular concern of government policies—which is hardly surprising given their role in formulating the policies in the first placeIn contrast there is substantial evidence that the security of the domestic population—”national security” as the term is supposed to be understood—is not a high priority for state policyFor example President Obama’s drone driven global assassination program by far the world’s greatest terrorist campaign is also a terror generating campaign General Stanley A McChrystal commander of US and NATO forces in Afghanistan until he was relieved of duty spoke of “insurgent math” For every innocent person you kill you create 10 new enemiesTribal cultures Ahmed points out are based on honor and revenge “Every act of violence in these tribal societies provokes a counterattack the harder the attacks on the tribesmen the vicious and bloody the counterattacks”The terror targeting may hit home In the British journal INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS David Hastings Dunn outlines how increasingly sophisticated drones are a perfect weapon for terrorist groups Drones are cheap easily acuired and “possess many ualities which when combined make them potentially the ideal means for terrorist attack in the 21st century” Dunn explainsA central conclusion is that the United States must maintain the right of a nuclear first strike even against non nuclear states Further nuclear weapons must always be available because they “cast a shadow over any crisis or conflict”Thus nuclear weapons are always used just as you use a gun if you aim it but don’t fire when robbing a store—a point that Daniel Ellsberg who leaked the Pentagon Papers has repeatedly stressedStratcom goes on to advise that “planners should not be too rational about determining what an adversary values” all of which must be targeted “It hurts to portray ourselves as too fully rational and cool headed That the US may become irrational and vindictive if its vital interests are attacked should be a part of the national persona we project to all adversaries”It is “beneficial for our strategic posture that some elements may appear to be potentially ‘out of control’”—and thus posing a constant threat of nuclear attackToday the United States is crowing about “100 years of energy independence” as the country becomes “the Saudi Arabia of the next century”—very likely the final century of human civilization if current policies persistOne might even take a speech of President Obama’s two years ago in the oil town of Cushing Oklahoma to be an elouent death knell for the speciesHe proclaimed with pride to ample applause “Now under my administration America is producing oil today than at any time in the last eight years That’s important to know Over the last three years I’ve directed my administration to open up millions of acres for gas and oil exploration across 23 different states We’re opening up than 75 percent of our potential oil resources offshore We’ve uadrupled the number of operating rigs to a record high We’ve added enough new oil and gas pipeline to encircle the Earth and then some”The applause also reveals something about government commitment to security Industry profits are sure to be secured as “producing oil and gas here at home” will continue to be “a critical part” of energy strategy as the president promisedThe corporate sector is carrying out major propaganda campaigns to convince the public that climate change if happening at all does not result from human activity These efforts are aimed at overcoming the excessive rationality of the public which continues to be concerned about the threats that scientists overwhelmingly regard as near certain and ominousTo put it bluntly in the moral calculus of today’s capitalism a bigger bonus tomorrow outweighs the fate of one’s grandchildrenThe front page of the NEW YORK TIMES on June 26 featured a photo of women mourning a murdered IraiHe is one of the innumerable victims of the ISIS Islamic State in Ira and Syria campaign in which the Irai army armed and trained by the US for many years uickly melted away abandoning much of Ira to a few thousand militants hardly a new experience in imperial historyRight above the picture is the newspaper’s famous motto “All the News That’s Fit to Print”There is a crucial omission The front page should display the words of the Nuremberg judgment of prominent Nazis—words that must be repeated until they penetrate general consciousness Aggression is “the supreme international crime differing only from other war crimes in that it contains within itself the accumulated evil of the whole”And alongside these words there should be the admonition of the chief prosecutor for the United States Robert Jackson “The record on which we judge these defendants is the record on which history will judge us tomorrow To pass these defendants a poisoned chalice is to put it to our own lips as well”The US UK invasion of Ira was a textbook example of aggression Apologists invoke noble intentions which would be irrelevant even if the pleas were sustainableFor the World War II tribunals it mattered not a jot that Japanese imperialists were intent on bringing an “earthly paradise” to the Chinese they were slaughtering or that Hitler sent troops into Poland in 1939 in self defense against the “wild terror” of the Poles The same holds when we sip from the poisoned chaliceExxon Mobil announced “that its laserlike focus on fossil fuels is a sound strategy regardless of climate change” BLOOMBERG BUSINESSWEEK reports “because the world needs vastly energy and the likelihood of significant carbon reductions is ‘highly unlikely’”It is therefore a mistake to remind readers daily of the Nuremberg judgment Aggression is no longer the “supreme international crime” It cannot compare with destruction of the lives of future generations to ensure bigger bonuses tomorrowForty years ago Israel made the fateful decision to choose expansion over security rejecting a full peace treaty offered by Egypt in return for evacuation from the occupied Egyptian Sinai where Israel was initiating extensive settlement and development projects Israel has adhered to that policy ever since

  8. Randall Wallace Randall Wallace says:

    It’s amusing to note which countries are happiest with Israel’s long term mistreatment of the Palestinians Because Israel’s top pals US Britain and Australia historically are all the famed indigenous killers – “settler colonial societies based on the extermination or expulsion of indigenous populations in favor of a higher race and where such behavior is considered natural and praiseworthy” Forty years ago note that Israel chose expansion over security “Palestinians are barred entry to almost half of Gaza’s limited arable land” Creating a nuclear weapons free zone in the mid east should be the top US policy goal but not possible with the US in bed with Israel protecting her hidden stash The importance of student debt is that it subordinates the students to power The goal of education is to “limit their perspectives and understanding discourage free and independent thought and train them for obedience” As to climate change in a rare case of bipartisanship “both parties demand that we make the problem worse” ☺ Noam explains the downside of how we got Bin Laden He explains how the media frame Snowden and Chelsea Manning as breaching security yet the definition of security here is the security of public officials not to be seen by the people to which they are answerable Ah America for seven decades we have led the world in “aggression and subversion overthrowing electing governments and installing dictatorship” Jesus Gandhi and Martin Luther King would be so proud We have a one party state – the Business Party “Principles are valid only if they are universal” – in other words we must everywhere attack hypocrisy We are the only country in the world violating the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty and the UN Charter because of our outlandish present threat of force against Iran Top scholar Gordon S Wood wrote “the Constitution was intrinsically an aristocratic document designed to check the democratic tendencies of the period” Noam says our Drone program “by far the world’s greatest terrorist campaign is also a terror generating campaign” As General Stanley Chrystal said “For every innocent person you kill you create ten enemies” Read inside the amazing story of Stanislav Petrov who saved the entire planet in 1983 The US Strategic Command wrote in a study ” It hurts to portray ourselves as too fully rational and cool headed That the US may become irrational and vindictive” Ah the KissingerNixon Madman theory at work based on contempt for those with whom you are negotiating The saddest line in the book was that while aggression has been up until now the world’s greatest crime now it’s become today’s elite criminally and totally believing Noam’s Capitalism Credo “A bigger bonus tomorrow outweighs the fate of one’s children

  9. Desere Desere says:

    For years I have been fascinated with the United States of America It's their pure and very addictive drive to succeed that has inspired me for as long as I can remember The United States have been a force to reckon with from a very early time they are always there always ready to fight for justice no matter if the justice is their own or another country's they are there on the front lines beating the heck out of all evil and why well it's exactly as this book's title says Because we say so Because the United States of America always does what is right they are born leaders and love them or hate them the fact remains they are a power that will never go away But of course not everything is always fair in love and war This read starts off in Durban South African and then goes on to take the reader on a wold wide tour of just how the force known as the USA takes over destroys saves and manipulates leaders and people of our world In most instances the USA 's actions are of course valid I mean none of us if we could intervene would stand by and watch an innocent 5 year old get killed by ruthless insurgents But then there are those actions that can be seen as crimes of war senseless degrading and not the image any country wants to portray As stated you either love the Americans or you hate them you can hate them all you want but at the end of the day show me the country that has had to go to war and did it all perfectly? There are none every general or leader heck every soldier has done something that they think was right at the time but afterwards could see the light shine down onto their downright despicable actions Because I feel that it's vital for all readers to take a look at this book I am going to stop right here and only add that this author has a uniue voice he sees the action entrances the reader to the point where you might as well me the leader having to sit there and listen to the actions being justified or your image shattered and the most important this author makes you think and I mean deep long and stretched out thoughts And at the end of the day my dear reading friends you too will come to the conclusion that the world is a far worst place then you might think every country wants to be the ultimate one but just because we say so doesn't make it right or does it? We either go to war and walk away as the winner or the loser but what about all the in between tidbits that most simply try to hide? 55 star review Riveting front row seat war action at it's best

  10. Dhaval Dhaval says:

    This is a book which deserves a sixth star What can I say? Noam Chomsky is undoubtedly the greatest intellectual and human alive and this book makes him even accessible for this new generation as it provides nuggets of his wisdom in a short format From climate change to persecution in Gaza of Edward Snowden Chomsky takes apart the US's elitist plutocracy in each of his essays This book can be your easy entry point into the world of Geo politics and current state of the world and why USA is centre of most of these problems

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